DraftExpress Logo
     DraftExpress Facebook      DraftExpress Twitter    DraftExpress YouTube
 
Loading

 Stat Type:   Player Stats by Team | Team Stats | Glossary

League: Year:   Stats Per:  Mins: 
Stage:  Conference:  Pos:  Qualified: 

Efficiency Statistics
 Sort:  - Pages: PREV | NEXT
Player InfoShooting RatiosPassing RatiosDefensive Ratios
Cmp Name Team Year GP Min PTs/g FGA/g Pts/Play TS% eFG% FTA/FGA 3PA/FGA Ast/g Ast/FGA A/TO PPR BK/g STL/g PF/g
Rob QuaintanceFlorida Gulf Coast2007/083135.37.05.40.700.590.570.190.775.61.041.38-1.020.22.52.3
Tim PickettFlorida State2003/043329.816.512.91.000.580.560.190.632.10.160.87-3.400.32.52.5
Jeremy LinHarvard2009/102732.416.59.81.020.630.580.690.314.50.461.44-0.511.02.52.9
Louis FordHoward2002/032129.67.36.20.690.500.430.380.315.00.791.580.420.22.52.9
Pierre PierceIowa2004/052034.017.814.50.840.530.520.360.254.20.291.00-4.210.52.52.4
Jay HeardJacksonville St.2001/022932.612.111.40.820.480.450.240.403.00.261.46-0.240.62.53.1
Mario ChalmersKansas2007/083930.012.88.21.100.660.630.410.494.30.532.253.120.62.52.5
C.J. McCollumLehigh2010/113235.121.617.20.920.520.440.440.312.10.120.74-4.040.72.51.7
Michael JeffersonLongwood2003/04232.520.015.01.020.550.550.430.132.00.131.33-0.550.02.52.0
Kenneth SmithLouisiana Tech2013/143630.47.86.10.810.540.510.380.477.71.263.238.920.12.52.2
Dwyane WadeMarquette2001/023229.217.814.30.910.540.510.340.113.40.241.15-2.501.12.52.5
Jae CrowderMarquette2011/123532.917.512.51.100.600.570.370.412.10.171.660.361.02.52.7
Al NolenMinnesota2009/102525.06.35.00.820.500.420.570.324.80.953.617.270.12.51.7
Chris WarrenMississippi2008/091134.419.615.50.940.530.460.400.474.00.261.630.540.02.51.5
Ricky MinardMorehead State2001/022935.622.315.81.040.600.570.350.363.30.211.12-2.201.02.53.1
D.J. CooperOhio2009/103635.613.511.10.850.510.460.380.495.70.512.153.120.32.52.1
Aaron CraftOhio State2011/123932.28.85.90.920.590.550.560.284.60.792.152.830.22.52.5
Aaron CraftOhio State2013/143534.49.86.80.870.570.510.560.224.70.691.821.510.12.52.4
Jared CunninghamOregon State2011/123435.117.912.40.950.560.500.600.332.80.230.98-2.900.42.52.4
Jeremy ChappellRobert Morris2008/093532.716.712.90.980.590.560.200.473.20.251.11-2.370.62.52.3
Jeremy ChappellRobert Morris2007/083232.314.911.91.030.590.580.130.462.40.201.27-0.950.52.52.5
Alex BausleySacramento State2006/072929.912.711.70.840.480.480.290.352.30.201.24-1.170.32.52.9
Antonio KelloggSan Francisco2006/072832.915.212.00.840.550.520.290.453.60.300.83-5.890.12.52.8
Kojo MensahSiena2005/062835.116.612.00.850.520.450.690.114.10.341.12-2.720.22.52.2
Chuck EidsonSouth Carolina2001/023730.08.87.50.830.500.450.350.393.50.471.821.270.32.52.4
Keydren ClarkSt. Peter's2005/063238.826.321.70.940.530.470.310.464.40.201.37-0.770.32.51.9
David HawkinsTemple2002/033436.516.913.30.890.530.470.420.422.80.210.90-3.490.32.52.4
Garrett RichardsonTennessee State2001/022834.614.111.90.830.520.480.290.394.50.381.34-1.150.42.52.2
Keith TriplettToledo2003/043133.319.613.91.030.590.550.390.373.10.221.25-1.320.22.51.5
Paul StollTx Pan American2007/083133.114.27.21.080.740.680.730.827.21.012.063.790.12.52.6
Errick CravenUSC2002/032929.513.012.20.790.470.440.270.272.60.210.96-3.330.22.53.0
Bryant MatthewsVirginia Tech2003/042935.422.116.00.950.550.510.560.191.50.090.49-5.700.82.53.7
Lazabian JacksonArk Pine Bluff2012/133031.511.911.00.860.500.490.180.622.30.211.23-1.110.12.42.0
Zack WrightArkansas LR2005/062833.012.39.90.770.500.430.510.245.90.591.550.240.52.42.6
Mike GordonBinghamton2006/072936.411.09.50.900.520.500.250.534.00.432.392.670.42.42.6
Walt LemonBradley2013/143235.518.015.50.830.500.450.340.203.90.251.08-2.920.12.42.4
Chase AdamsCentenary2007/083133.78.25.80.810.550.470.600.394.70.811.721.090.02.42.8
D'Aundray BrownCleveland St.2011/122529.610.29.10.880.510.480.210.222.20.241.26-0.990.62.42.5
Pele PaelayCoast Carolina2004/052932.916.813.80.910.520.490.360.322.80.201.25-1.210.62.41.7
Troy FranklinCoppin State2012/131423.811.710.70.780.490.460.230.602.50.230.81-5.980.02.42.9
Joseph FrazierCS-Northridge2004/051727.911.78.80.890.560.490.410.282.40.270.91-3.780.52.43.0
Tim SmithEast Tenn. St.2002/033132.515.312.70.820.530.490.300.233.70.290.90-5.040.02.42.2
Rodney StuckeyEastern Wash.2006/072933.324.617.30.990.570.500.510.325.50.321.630.790.32.42.3
Tony TateFlorida A&M2005/063034.116.412.00.910.560.490.460.423.10.260.88-4.360.02.42.2
Demarcus WilkinsFlorida A&M2001/022830.312.610.10.830.510.430.480.442.60.260.94-3.560.32.42.6
Carlos MorbanFlorida Intl2003/042231.712.010.30.780.510.470.340.412.60.250.71-6.080.02.42.4
J.R. PinnockGeo Washington2005/063031.614.511.30.960.550.520.350.273.10.271.51-0.030.52.42.0
Sundiata GainesGeorgia2004/052734.412.011.00.740.450.420.470.312.90.261.04-2.530.32.42.2
Andrew GellertHarvard2001/022631.26.15.30.750.470.470.440.353.60.672.162.270.22.42.8
Jeremy LinHarvard2008/092834.817.811.80.960.610.560.510.304.30.361.12-2.820.62.42.9
Torey ThomasHoly Cross2005/063236.411.09.10.800.500.450.460.334.80.531.781.280.02.42.6
Oliver LafayetteHouston2006/073335.814.312.80.860.490.440.310.553.10.241.550.110.22.43.1
Curtis StinsonIowa State2005/063035.619.416.40.880.520.500.280.255.50.341.610.610.02.42.9
Aaron MilesKansas2002/033830.88.97.70.730.500.450.360.346.40.841.983.250.22.41.9
J.D. PollockKennesaw State2008/09726.39.07.90.960.550.550.090.453.40.443.004.260.32.42.4
Elfrid PaytonLa Lafayette2012/133235.716.012.10.870.530.490.530.135.50.451.650.830.72.42.3
Brian HamiltonLa Lafayette2004/053133.313.710.30.920.550.540.470.021.70.170.72-3.781.22.43.5
Chris CaldwellLiberty2001/023032.515.414.30.810.470.430.290.302.50.180.93-3.270.12.43.0
Andre CollinsLoyola MD2005/062838.126.122.10.940.540.510.180.524.70.211.26-1.650.12.42.3
Antonio BurksMemphis2003/043034.316.012.40.960.570.550.310.375.50.442.233.390.22.42.3
Travarus BennettMinnesota2001/023127.89.55.81.130.660.620.510.451.70.291.43-0.230.72.42.4
Al NolenMinnesota2010/111429.18.45.60.820.520.400.990.423.70.671.791.300.12.42.1
Hosea ButlerMiss. Valley St.2003/042832.18.38.10.710.450.400.300.453.60.451.46-0.300.02.42.0
Winsome FrazierMississippi St.2003/043031.913.110.70.950.540.510.270.571.40.130.78-2.750.32.42.3
Stefhon HannahMissouri2006/073030.415.411.90.920.570.540.290.424.60.381.40-0.830.02.43.0
Jason EricksonMontana State2003/042737.917.311.81.120.640.610.300.352.80.241.39-0.440.32.42.2
Bo McCalebbNew Orleans2007/083233.323.216.11.070.600.550.430.223.10.191.34-0.810.12.42.7
Bilal BennNiagara2008/093534.413.812.00.840.510.480.280.302.70.220.91-3.380.52.42.7
Willie DepronNicholls State2003/042737.515.414.40.780.460.420.340.263.60.251.11-2.270.32.42.1
Kellan CarterNicholls State2008/093130.35.23.60.890.580.580.460.012.10.571.520.030.32.43.2
Willie DepronNicholls State2004/052733.714.713.30.800.490.460.290.335.10.391.47-0.320.12.42.0
Aleek PaulineNorfolk State2008/093232.36.75.30.680.490.430.610.193.80.721.23-1.790.12.42.7
Jalan WestNorthwestern St.2013/142933.719.813.01.060.620.550.480.446.40.492.344.440.32.42.3
D.J. CooperOhio2011/123632.614.512.40.810.480.410.440.525.60.451.912.330.12.41.4
Tim FrazierPenn State2011/123237.118.815.50.850.510.450.400.176.20.401.691.150.22.42.9
Blake SmithRadford2010/112826.18.69.40.720.420.390.190.361.80.191.02-2.230.42.42.0
DaShawn FreemanSacramento State2002/032921.76.25.40.620.480.410.410.293.60.661.02-5.300.02.43.3
Doron PerkinsSanta Clara2004/053130.415.412.50.860.510.470.460.423.40.271.28-1.350.62.43.6
Darius LaneSeton Hall2001/022928.812.510.70.900.540.530.170.661.50.140.62-5.030.22.42.9
Jeremy HazellSeton Hall2010/111835.319.815.31.000.550.510.380.511.60.110.91-2.030.12.41.1
Fuquan EdwinSeton Hall2012/133432.216.713.00.940.550.520.350.362.00.150.79-3.760.52.43.1
Bryan HopkinsSMU2005/062234.114.512.00.850.530.480.300.573.50.291.07-2.820.32.42.5
Bryan HopkinsSMU2004/052536.717.914.20.890.540.500.350.543.90.271.04-3.160.02.42.9
Desmar JacksonSouthern Illinois2013/143233.018.413.90.930.540.480.460.182.00.150.70-4.740.42.42.8
DeAngelo NewsomSouthern Utah2003/042831.810.47.50.890.550.550.550.001.40.180.59-4.370.42.42.6
E.J. GordonStetson2003/042734.316.815.90.750.440.400.400.113.10.190.86-4.560.62.42.8
Corey WaldenStetson2010/112532.611.78.80.870.570.520.370.473.20.360.99-3.420.22.43.2
Mario TaybronTemple2003/04828.94.65.40.520.360.310.420.652.60.491.05-2.660.02.41.9
David SykesTexas State2001/022625.69.48.10.750.480.420.480.263.90.491.48-0.250.12.42.6
Brian AllenTowson2001/022830.410.59.00.670.510.470.310.515.30.590.98-6.220.22.42.2
Bobby DixonTroy State2004/053030.014.711.50.960.570.550.250.664.10.351.610.500.02.41.7
Greg DavisTroy State2003/043133.815.513.10.890.530.490.260.478.30.632.947.810.12.41.2
Delon WrightUtah2013/143037.315.99.61.040.640.570.640.185.30.551.921.961.22.41.9
Darius TheusVCU2012/133526.46.85.30.830.540.500.440.244.80.922.605.040.32.42.6
Marqus BlakelyVermont2009/103533.717.310.70.950.590.540.810.043.70.351.07-3.041.92.42.5
Chavis HolmesVMI2007/082930.918.314.41.000.570.540.260.542.50.171.18-1.540.42.42.6
Willie BellVMI2008/093229.38.77.20.830.510.470.360.233.00.421.520.040.72.43.1
Chris PaulWake Forest2004/053233.415.39.90.990.600.520.590.316.60.672.384.760.02.42.6
Jacob BurtschiAir Force2005/063133.212.49.31.010.580.550.310.442.50.271.610.300.22.32.7
Trevor RelefordAlabama2013/142935.018.612.31.080.640.590.390.483.10.261.15-1.870.12.32.7
Tevin HammondArk Pine Bluff2012/133032.37.46.80.660.450.390.430.504.20.631.35-1.050.02.32.6
Marcel MosleyArk Pine Bluff2013/142431.013.510.50.920.560.520.340.472.60.251.00-2.880.02.32.5
Marquis DanielsAuburn2002/033433.818.414.00.960.570.540.330.213.30.241.11-2.390.22.32.0
A.J. WaltonBaylor2010/113033.17.96.40.700.500.470.450.404.70.731.38-0.900.02.33.1
Damitrius ColemanBethune Cookman2006/072625.23.93.20.590.460.430.690.063.31.041.38-0.850.32.32.7
Troy BellBoston College2001/023237.421.615.90.960.560.470.470.433.80.241.24-1.490.32.32.6
Troy BellBoston College2002/033138.625.216.41.100.620.550.530.523.70.231.46-0.260.22.32.1
Scott ThomasBowling Green2011/123234.512.410.30.910.550.530.220.483.00.291.31-0.900.42.32.6
Thomas JacksonButler2001/023233.313.610.60.990.560.530.300.394.50.432.693.910.12.31.2
Ed O'NeilChar. Southern2003/042834.09.38.50.700.470.420.360.565.80.681.781.670.12.32.5
Eddie BasdenCharlotte2003/043028.310.46.50.960.600.580.690.213.10.471.37-0.780.12.32.2
John CantrellChicago St2008/093235.019.815.11.020.570.540.330.182.20.141.11-1.470.32.32.0
Josh DotzlerCreighton2005/062332.76.45.30.730.510.480.350.354.20.791.640.670.12.32.1
Zaire TaylorDelaware2005/063029.76.85.90.730.490.480.380.453.70.641.560.220.42.33.3
Woody PayneDetroit2009/103328.35.53.90.750.520.460.750.154.21.072.012.400.22.32.2
Bashir MasonDrexel2003/042930.26.75.80.680.450.390.560.154.40.761.841.730.22.32.5
Chris DuhonDuke2001/023535.18.97.00.830.550.520.340.655.90.852.263.690.12.31.9
Mike DunleavyDuke2001/023532.417.312.91.060.600.580.260.522.10.161.16-1.280.72.32.3
Damian SaundersDuquesne2010/113233.712.49.70.930.530.530.440.242.50.261.50-0.052.72.32.3
Tommy HubbardEast Tenn. St.2011/122932.410.38.80.830.510.480.320.241.20.140.53-4.560.12.33.7
Kahleaf WatsonFla Atlantic2004/052726.57.26.00.690.530.500.320.034.50.751.26-2.260.32.33.2
Tony TateFlorida A&M2004/052933.115.413.20.800.490.430.380.424.20.321.15-2.620.12.32.4
Deric HillFlorida Intl2012/133223.06.24.80.750.510.420.590.353.30.691.50-0.090.12.32.3
Chris SingletonFlorida State2009/103131.510.38.90.750.480.470.400.412.20.250.72-5.141.52.32.9
Smush ParkerFordham2001/022835.016.512.60.860.550.510.390.494.40.351.01-4.170.32.32.5
Bruce FieldsGardner Webb2001/022729.612.99.40.910.560.520.490.243.40.361.33-1.040.62.32.3
Patricio GarinoGeo Washington2012/133026.98.87.50.770.500.460.390.252.10.280.81-4.480.42.33.0
Sundiata GainesGeorgia2006/073230.610.58.30.820.520.480.480.424.80.581.861.900.32.31.9
Elton NesbittGeorgia Southern2003/042928.915.713.10.900.530.490.270.493.60.281.40-0.680.12.32.3
Brion RushGrambling2005/062134.825.822.00.910.520.470.280.373.40.150.97-3.580.02.32.4
Milton BurtonHartford2010/113236.310.910.90.830.470.450.150.532.00.181.29-0.640.52.32.5
Keith SimmonsHoly Cross2006/073435.616.911.21.080.610.560.490.381.90.161.02-1.690.72.32.3
Aubrey ColemanHouston2008/093232.819.416.00.890.500.440.450.092.40.150.96-2.750.02.32.4
Michael MossHouston Baptist2009/103028.35.86.30.590.420.410.180.354.10.651.39-0.880.12.32.8
Brody BoydIowa2003/042933.411.18.21.030.590.540.340.671.90.231.49-0.070.02.31.9
Curtis StinsonIowa State2004/053135.617.214.90.840.500.460.340.184.50.301.39-0.750.12.32.9
Charlie WhiteJackson State2004/052925.88.67.30.760.480.430.460.172.90.391.17-2.210.32.33.0
Russell RobinsonKansas2005/063328.59.37.60.800.490.430.490.354.60.612.082.910.52.32.2
DeAndre HaynesKent State2003/043134.710.48.60.790.520.490.360.395.80.671.831.870.02.32.7
Cliff HawkinsKentucky2003/043230.610.38.10.810.530.490.410.385.20.641.751.490.32.32.3
Elfrid PaytonLa Lafayette2013/143236.919.313.70.890.540.520.650.125.80.421.520.040.62.32.4
Alan DanielsLamar2005/063135.123.518.50.960.530.500.410.433.00.161.21-1.400.72.32.5
Gil GoodrichLamar2003/042931.312.911.70.770.480.420.320.514.60.391.43-0.580.02.31.4
Antawn DobieLong Island2001/022634.821.216.00.890.550.510.430.385.20.331.18-2.790.12.32.0
Kevin SweckerLongwood2008/093130.610.99.30.950.540.500.200.592.40.251.830.860.02.31.7
Terrence WilliamsLouisville2008/093734.212.510.60.870.520.500.300.385.00.472.152.850.82.31.7
Peyton SivaLouisville2012/134031.210.08.60.810.510.460.280.385.70.662.153.570.22.32.6
Dylon CormierLoyola MD2013/142034.821.215.20.980.540.490.610.211.90.120.88-2.530.32.32.6
Tasmin MitchellLSU2007/08322.07.37.00.630.430.330.480.242.00.290.67-7.640.32.32.7
Kevin ReedMaine2003/043034.214.511.90.930.550.520.230.551.30.110.54-4.380.22.32.0
Jeff XavierManhattan2005/063134.816.613.30.960.560.530.240.531.90.150.77-3.560.22.32.6
George BeamonManhattan2012/13435.316.812.00.940.560.490.540.311.30.100.45-5.460.02.31.5
Chauncey BryantMcNeese State2001/023028.86.14.20.750.560.490.640.485.11.211.902.350.02.32.2
Kevin HardyMcNeese State2012/132835.69.99.30.780.470.460.320.134.40.472.072.161.12.32.4
James FlorenceMercer2008/093234.120.817.10.870.520.480.380.393.70.220.97-4.080.12.32.5
Quinten RollinsMiami OH2013/143030.86.55.40.690.470.410.570.023.90.721.570.310.12.32.8
Vincent GrierMinnesota2005/062536.615.712.80.830.500.430.500.082.60.210.87-3.540.22.32.4
Ashley RobinsonMiss. Valley St.2002/032936.111.39.70.910.520.480.240.795.70.593.676.110.12.32.0
Edward MackMiss. Valley St.2003/042933.013.812.30.830.460.420.440.343.00.241.710.670.42.32.2
Will CherryMontana2010/112934.814.611.10.900.530.470.510.314.20.371.730.980.22.32.3
Daniel MullingsNew Mexico State2012/133434.714.010.30.900.550.500.490.152.50.240.82-3.940.42.31.9
Chris FloresNJIT2012/132534.516.714.70.820.490.430.350.502.70.180.83-4.310.22.32.7
Chakowby HicksNorfolk State2002/032926.511.39.10.850.530.490.380.292.60.290.99-3.450.82.32.3
Troy HuffNorth Dakota2012/132532.219.215.50.940.530.500.370.271.20.080.54-4.500.32.31.5
Troy HuffNorth Dakota2013/143229.619.214.00.990.550.490.530.301.10.080.58-4.030.32.31.7
Chris JonesNorth Texas2011/121631.015.312.30.840.540.490.350.294.20.341.10-3.380.22.32.2
Chris JonesNorth Texas2012/131427.68.48.30.670.430.380.360.144.30.521.46-0.360.02.32.8
Jitim YoungNorthwestern2003/042938.217.911.81.040.600.580.560.302.10.180.87-2.660.02.32.2
Jalan WestNorthwestern St.2012/132825.69.47.60.870.530.470.330.555.00.662.505.070.12.32.1
Sonny TroutmanOhio2004/053229.812.68.70.920.590.530.490.343.10.361.05-3.040.32.32.5
Je'Kel FosterOhio State2005/063233.812.29.11.010.600.580.240.663.10.341.600.310.22.32.2
Drew WilliamsonOld Dominion2006/073331.211.08.80.930.540.500.330.484.30.492.653.920.42.32.4
Kent BazemoreOld Dominion2010/113930.912.69.10.930.570.540.450.242.80.311.17-1.800.82.32.1
Malcolm ArmsteadOregon2010/113827.58.67.90.760.500.480.200.314.40.561.650.880.02.32.9
Tim FrazierPenn State2012/13432.516.310.50.900.540.380.930.263.80.361.25-1.620.32.32.0
Brandin KnightPittsburgh2001/023536.715.613.00.860.520.530.320.577.20.552.244.180.52.32.5
Jeff XavierProvidence2007/083131.612.410.50.920.540.520.170.642.50.231.23-1.210.32.32.4
Chris KramerPurdue2007/083328.86.85.50.820.510.480.420.252.90.521.791.020.52.32.5
Maurice BaileySacred Heart2003/042733.020.115.90.890.530.450.440.292.70.170.79-4.910.12.32.5
Drew ShubikSacred Heart2007/083233.411.07.70.820.570.510.550.335.50.721.45-0.450.52.33.1
James KinneySan Jose State2012/131334.820.819.10.880.500.480.210.412.50.130.94-2.920.12.31.7
Garrett LeverSeattle University2010/113429.33.83.00.690.460.420.750.401.70.561.21-0.940.12.32.7
Kenny HasbrouckSiena2007/083431.616.113.20.960.540.500.280.322.20.171.25-1.010.22.32.2
DeAngelo NewsomSouthern Utah2004/052830.611.89.10.880.530.510.480.041.50.170.69-3.920.62.33.0
Marcus ClarkStephen F. Austin2005/062733.712.08.60.970.600.560.350.395.10.592.213.130.02.32.5
Mark TyndaleTemple2005/063236.410.99.30.800.470.430.510.252.70.291.26-0.990.22.31.9
Lester HudsonTenn. Martin2008/093236.027.521.81.000.570.530.240.434.20.191.27-1.470.62.32.7
Delrico LaneTenn. Martin2008/093228.45.13.50.710.550.490.660.494.91.402.002.780.12.32.4
Garrett RichardsonTennessee State2003/042833.911.910.50.900.530.520.160.394.00.392.092.170.32.32.5
Varez WardTexas2009/10323.06.75.30.700.440.410.880.382.30.441.17-2.000.02.31.3
Jacques JonesTexas Southern2007/08331.311.712.70.650.410.340.290.082.00.160.55-7.490.02.32.0
Terry ConerwayTexas State2002/032826.915.49.71.160.660.610.430.622.30.241.550.120.52.33.0
Keith TriplettToledo2002/032933.816.911.90.990.600.550.410.332.30.190.81-3.820.12.31.9
Larry SheppardTx Pan American2005/063133.47.06.50.610.430.400.510.174.60.701.36-1.030.02.33.0
Errick CravenUSC2003/042728.111.19.60.780.490.460.390.353.00.311.01-3.460.32.33.4
Kyle LowryVillanova2005/063329.311.07.60.920.560.480.610.073.70.491.741.090.22.32.8
Zabian DowdellVirginia Tech2005/063036.015.313.10.890.520.490.280.383.40.261.47-0.190.22.32.2
Jamon GordonVirginia Tech2004/052933.910.910.50.760.470.450.240.244.10.391.580.331.12.33.1
Jordan FouseWisc. Green Bay2013/142832.26.85.10.800.520.510.590.012.90.581.46-0.211.52.32.8
Drew GibsonWofford2005/062930.76.86.20.680.460.420.400.514.10.661.530.100.02.32.3
- Stats are typically updated once per week on Mondays stats come from Doug's Stats and BasketballReference -
© 2014 DraftExpress LLC All rights reserved.